The Principles of Quantum Theory, From Planck's Quanta to the Higgs Boson: The Nature of Quantum Reality and the Spirit of CopenhagenКНИГИ » ЕСТЕСТВЕННЫЕ НАУКИ
Автор: Arkady Plotnitsky Название: The Principles of Quantum Theory, From Planck's Quanta to the Higgs Boson: The Nature of Quantum Reality and the Spirit of Copenhagen Издательство: Springer Год: 2016 ISBN: 978-3319320663 Язык: English Формат: pdf Размер: 10,5 mb Страниц: 313
The focus on principles, prominent during the rise and in the immediate aftermath of quantum theory, has been uncommon in more recent discussions and debates concerning it. The book argues, however, that exploring the fundamental principles and principle thinking is exceptionally helpful in addressing the key issues at stake in quantum foundations and the seemingly interminable debates concerning them. Principle thinking led to major breakthroughs throughout the history of quantum theory, beginning with the old quantum theory and quantum mechanics, the first definitive quantum theory, which it remains within its proper (nonrelativistic) scope. It has, the book also argues, been equally important in quantum field theory, which has been the frontier of quantum theory for quite a while now, and more recently, in quantum information theory, where principle thinking was given new prominence. The approach allows the book to develop a new understanding of both the history and philosophy of quantum theory, from Planck’s quantum to the Higgs boson, and beyond, and of the thinking the key founding figures, such as Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg, Schr?dinger, and Dirac, as well as some among more recent theorists.
The book also extensively considers the nature of quantum probability, and contains a new interpretation of quantum mechanics, “the statistical Copenhagen interpretation.” Overall, the book’s argument is guided by what Heisenberg called “the spirit of Copenhagen,” which is defined by three great divorces from the preceding foundational thinking in physics?reality from realism, probability from causality, and locality from relativity?and defined the fundamental principles of quantum theory accordingly.
1 Concepts and Principles in Fundamental Physics 2 Bohr, Heisenberg, Schr?dinger, and the Principles of Quantum Mechanics 3 Complementarity: “This New Feature of Natural Philosophy” 4 The Statistical Copenhagen Interpretation 5 Could the Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Causal? 6 The Principles of Quantum Theory, Dirac’s Equation, and the Architecture of Quantum Field Theory 7 The Principles of Quantum Information Theory, Dirac’s Equation, and Locality Beyond Relativity 8 Conclusion: The Question Concerning Technology in Quantum Physics and Beyond