Fools and idiots?: Intellectual disability in the Middle AgesКНИГИ / ИСТОРИЯ
Автор: Irina Metzler Название: Fools and idiots?: Intellectual disability in the Middle Ages Издательство: Manchester University Press Год: 2016 ISBN: 978-0719096365 Серия: Disability History MUP Язык: English Формат: pdf Размер: 10,2 mb Страниц: 256
Emphasising the issues with imposing modern definitions of what has variously been called cognitive, intellectual or mental disability onto the past, this book analyses a wide range of medieval and modern material. In order to explore how the names and words used to describe people also influenced their social and cultural treatment, this book looks at what the medieval equivalents to our modern scientific or psychiatric experts had to say about intellectual disability, and by uncovering how medieval normative texts shaped ideas of idiocy and folly, this study reconstructs what the legal and social implications of such concepts were. The book demolishes a number of historiographic myths and stereotypes surrounding intellectual disability in the Middle Ages and suggests new insights with regard to 'fools', jesters and 'idiots'.
Fools and idiots?: Intellectual disability in the Middle Ages will be required reading for anyone studying or working in disability studies, history of medicine, social history and the history of ideas.
List of figures Series editors’ foreword Acknowledgements List of abbreviations
1 Pre-/conceptions: problems of definition and historiography 2 From morio to fool: semantics of intellectual disability 3 Cold complexions and moist humors: natural science and intellectual disability 4 The infantile and the irrational: mind, soul and intellectual disability 5 Non-consenting adults: laws and intellectual disability 6 Fools, pets and entertainers: socio-cultural considerations of intellectual disability 7 Reconsiderations: rationality, intelligence and human status