The Global Revolution: A History of International Communism 1917-1991КНИГИ » ИСТОРИЯ
Автор: Silvio Pons Название: The Global Revolution: A History of International Communism 1917-1991 Издательство: Oxford University Press Год: 2014 ISBN: 9780199657629 Серия: Oxford Studies in Medieval European History Язык: English Формат: pdf Размер: 5,5 mb Страниц: 400
Drawing on a wealth of archival sources, Silvio Pons analyses the multifaceted and contradictory relationship between the Soviet Union and the international communist movement, to show how communism played a major part in the formation of our modern world.
The volume presents the argument that during the age of wars from 1914 to 1945, the establishment of the Soviet state in Russia and the birth of the communist movement had an enormous impact because of their promise of world revolution and international civil war. Such perspective appeared even more plausible in the aftermath of the Second World War and of revolution in China, which paved the way for the expansion of communism in the post-colonial world. Communism challenged the West in the Cold War - by means of anti-capitalist modernization and anti-imperialist mobilization - showing itself to be a powerful factor in the politicization of global trends. However, the international legitimacy of communism declined rapidly in the post-war era. Soviet power exposed its inability to exercise hegemony, as distinct from domination.
The consequences of Sovietization in Europe and the break between the Soviet Union and China were the primary reasons for the decline of communist influence and appeal. Since communism lost its political credibility and cultural cohesion, its global project had failed. The ground was prepared for the devastating impact of Western globalization on communist regimes in Europe and the Soviet Union.
1. Time of Revolution (1917–1923) 7 Lenin, the Soviet State, and the Comintern 7 Victory in Russia, Defeat in Europe 16 The Birth of the Communist Parties 24 The End of European Revolution 35
2. Time of the State (1924–1939) 43 World Revolution and ‘Socialism in One Country’ 43 Between East and West 54 Stalin, the ‘Revolution from above’, and the Psychosis of War 65 Communists and Anti-fascism 75 The Total-Security State 86 The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact 91
3. Time of War (1939–1945) 102 The Alliance with Hitler 102 The Patriotic War and the End of the Comintern 111 Spheres of Influence, National Fronts, and ‘People’s Democracy’ 124 Victory without Revolution 137
4. Time of Empire (1945–1953) 144 The Birth of the ‘External Empire’ 144 The Founding of the Cominform 155 The Break between the USSR and Yugoslavia 167 Revolution in China and War in Korea 175 The ‘Revolution from above’ in Eastern and Central Europe and the Pacifist Mobilization 184 Communists and the Cold War 193
5. Time of Decline (1953–1968) 206 The Crisis in Central and Eastern Europe 206 The End of Communist Unity 218 Expansion in the Third World and the Rift between the Soviet Union and China 231 The Limits upon Soviet Influence 244 viii Contents
6. Time of Crisis (1968–1991) 255 1968 and the Prague Spring 255 The Break-Up of the Movement 265 The Global Superpower 273 Eurocommunism 284 The Crisis of Legitimacy 293 Reform and Collapse 305
Epilogue: The End of Soviet and European Communism in World History 315