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: M.Gilbert
: Atlas of Russian History
: 1993
: 234
: 97

I have designed this Atlas in the hope that it is possible to presentwithin the span of 161 maps-a survey of Russian history from the earliest times to the present day. In drafting each map, I drew upon material from a wide range of published works- books, articles, atlases and single sheet maps-each of which I have listed in the bibliography. On the maps themselves I have included much factual material not normally associated with historical geography, such as the text of one of Stalin's few surviving personal communications-the postcard to his sisterin- law (printed on map 54), and Lenin's telegram to the Bolsheviks in Sweden (printed on map 87). I have drafted each map individually, in such a way as to enable the maximum factual information to be included without making use of a separate page of text; and I have compiled the index in order that it may serve as a means of using the Atlas as if it were a volume of narrative. I wish to acknowledge the help of many colleagues and friends. In 1962 I began research into Russian history under the supervision of Dr George Katkov, whose insatiable curiosity about elusive historical facts, and whose enthusiasm in tracking them down, have influenced all my subsequent work. I also benefitted from the teaching and encouragement of Mr David Footman, Mr Max Hayward, Dr Harry Willetts and the late Mr Guy Wint. When I was preparing the first sketches for this Atlas, the maps I had drawn and the facts I had incorporated on them were scrutinized by three friends-Mr Michael Glenny, Mr Dennis O'Flaherty and Dr Harry Shukman--to each of whom I am most grateful for many detailed suggestions, and for giving up much time to help me. At the outset of my research I received valuable bibliographical advice from Dr J. L. 1.Simmons, and suggestions for specific maps from Mr Norman Davies, Dr Ronald Hingley, Mr John B. Kingston and Mr Ewald Uustalu. Jane Cousins helped me with bibliographical and historical research; Mr Arthur Banks transcribed my sketches into clear, printable maps, and Kate Fleming kept a vigilant eye on the cartography. Susie Sacher helped me to compile the index: Sarah Graham, as well as undertaking all the secretarial work, made many important suggestions, factual and cartographic. The first 146 maps in this atlas were drawn by Arthur Banks and his team of expert cartographers, including the late Terry Bicknell, who subsequently drew more than six hundred historical maps for me. The last fifteen maps were drawn by Tim Aspden, who also drew the extra maps for several of my other books and historical atlases. I am particularly grateful to Abe Eisenstat and Kay Thomson for their help over several months in enabling me to bring this atlas up to date for this new edition. The collapse of Soviet Communism and the disintegration of the Soviet Union before the end of its eighth decade, an event which was not conceivable (certainly not to this author) when the atlas was first published in 1972, has led me to prepare fifteen new maps. In designing them, I have tried to show in detail the sequence of events that shook both the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe within the space of a decade, creating new States and new perspectives as the territorial and ideological monolith dissolved. 3 March 1993. MAR TIN GILBERT. Merton College, Oxford.


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